Écrivain et politicien. Victor Hugo est né à Besançon (Doubs), le 26 février 1802.
Il fut poète, auteur de pièces de théâtre et écrivain du mouvement littéraire romantique. D’abord reconnu en France pour ses poèmes, Victor Hugo sera mondialement connu grâce à ses romans « Notre-
Writer and Politician. Victor Hugo was born in Besançon, on February 26, 1802. He was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic Movement. Victor Hugo first gained national recognition for his poetry, though he is best known internationally for his novels, “The Hunchback of Notre Dame”, written in 1831, and “Les Miserables, written in 1862. In addition to his career as a writer, Victor Hugo was also known for his political convictions and as a human rights activist. Following the tragic death of his eldest daughter, Léopoldine, he devoted himself to politics. He was a staunch supporter of republicanism and was elected deputy in 1848. In 1851, following the “Coup d’État” of Napoleon III, Victor Hugo sought exile. He resided briefly in Brussels, then on the island of Jersey and finally on the island of Guernsey. He remained in exile until the end of the Second Empire, in 1870. During this period, Victor Hugo produced some of his most popular works. He wrote three widely praised collections of poetry, political pamphlets against Napoleon III, as well as the internationally celebrated novel, “Les Misérables”. Victor Hugo returned to France, after the fall of the Second Empire, on September 4, 1870. He was sixty-